Results:
1. The current composition of breeding birds of prey species and species encountered during migration was revealed.
These are 3 species – buzzard (Buteo buteo), kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), short-eared owl (Asio otus), the basis of nutrition of which are the mouse-like rodents. All of them use the territory of the pasture project only as hunting grounds.
The list of species is much wider during the period of spring migration, - black kite (Milvus migrans), rough-legged hawk (Buteo lagopus), hen harrier (Circus cyaneus), montagu’s harrier (Circus pygargus), goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus), hobby (Falco subbuteo), short-eared owl (Asio flammeus), tawny owl (Strix aluco).
2. The adjacent territories were surveyed, and their suitability for nesting of birds of prey was estimated. Activities were planned to increase the breeding capacity of territories.
3. The fodder base is analyzed. It is based on common vole (Microtus arvalis), striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius), herb field mouse (Apodemus uralensis). Additional sources of feed here are sand lizard (Lacerta agilis), grass snake (Natrix natrix).
4. A common species composition and features of the distribution of avifauna are also described in passing.
There are at least 60 species of birds in the nesting period, among which there are rare species for the Tula region - barred warbler (Sylvia nisoria), savi’s warbler (Locustella luscinioides).